Do you know the ways to diagnose colon and rectal cancers? Many of our patients ask how do we know if we have cancer or not? Or does a polyp grow or not grow in us? Or will we become infected or not?
Here we refer to the screening and role of genetics in colorectal cancers.
Colon cancer can also be hereditary. This means that in 3 to 4 percent of cases, the patient may have familial polyposis. What is Polyps? Familial polyposis means that the entire colon begins to form a series of polyps that are very numerous and numerous from the age of Twelve. Perhaps more than 1000 polyps develop in their colon and these will become cancerous by the time they are 30 years old. Therefore, it is important that we know patients who have polyps or multiple polyps in a timely manner. Familial polyposis means that it happens in a family and everyone may have it. So if someone in the family has polyps in the family and has multiple polyps in the colon, others need to be colonoscopied and checked, and if they have polyps, it is necessary to have their colon preventive, which we call prophylaxis. Not to become cancer.
Another type of colorectal cancer is still familial and hereditary but not familial. These patients are those with a set of genes that make them susceptible to colon and rectal cancer. These are usually people who start cancer early in their family. Colon cancer can develop in children under 50 years. There may be several cancers in the family or cancers of the colon and rectum, such as ovarian cancers, cervical cancers, which in these patients need to be screened earlier than they are at age 50 Community norms, reviews and screenings.
So if anyone in their first- or second-degree relatives has the disease that has colon and rectal cancers and is under the age of 50, we recommend that their screening begin sooner, 10 years earlier than those who have had cancer. Is. For example, if someone in the family has colon cancer at age 45, it is better for the rest of the family to have colonoscopy at age 35 so that we can be sure they have no polyps, and so every 10 years should be colonoscopy.
The second way they can tell if someone has colorectal cancer is to look for their symptoms. The presence of blood in the stool is a very important sign, and we recommend that you take it seriously and not think about getting hemorrhoids or fissures, or the like, because they have been excreted. Almost all patients with blood in the stool need to be colonoscopically. Even if this blood is clear or even if it is partial, it is definitely necessary to have a colonoscopy.
Particularly in recent years, we have seen very young patients present with colon or rectal cancers and because they have been neglected, that is, doctors are often neglected and think because they are young Therefore, he is less likely to have cancer and does not need to be examined or examined for colonoscopy and will treat these patients without considering hemorrhoid, fissure, or fisher treatment or similar treatments, which can be time-consuming and ill It may take a month or two for these treatments and again, as he has bleeding, referrals Another doctor may continue this treatment again and the patient will live for several months despite the cancer being symptomatic, so this can lead to a tumor that is valuable for many months. So over time, it can also cause mass enlargement, massaging around, and even metastasis to areas around the body such as the lung, liver and brain. Therefore, it is very important to take the stool blood mark very seriously. This is a very important issue and it is imperative that a thorough review be carried out.